Hiking and backpacking are two activities that are generally not that dangerous, however we recommend the following additions to your pack that will help you cope with unexpected situations or emergencies. These are are all small easily obtained items that won’t weight you down or take up much space.

It’s suggested that you place these things together in a stuff-sack so that everything can be kept together and found easily.

First aid kit:
Everyone should bring along a basic first aid kit when out hiking or backpacking. These can be purchased at nearly any outdoor supply or hunting store and they contain all the things you need should you have a small medical emergency while on the trail.

Pain pills:
It’s almost guaranteed you’ll need an Aspirin or Tylenol. Keep some in your pack in a waterproof container and when the headache comes you’ll be thankful you did.

Muscle relaxants:
Bring a few along should you find yourself cramping up. Keep them in a small waterproof container or vial.

Extra Band aids:
So you don’t raid your first aid kit, bring a couple extra band aids along should you cut or scrape yourself.

Moleskin:
These take up little space and help with blisters on your feet.

Water purification tablets:
Always bring a lot of water along with you. If you run out however, and boiling is not an option, these tablets can be a life saver. They’ll purify all but the dirtiest water and will assure you don’t catch any parasites or germs. They do take some time to work depending on how warm the water is, and they do taste awful so bring along some drink mix singles to help offset that.

Bear spray:
Not only should you carry this, please learn how to use it. This spray is the most effective close-in bear deterrent there is.

A flashlight:
Useful if you get stuck after dark, a flashlight can be a blessing. Any small and light water resistant model will do. Just make sure it’s an LED (light emitting diode) and not a filament type. The later uses too much less energy and often the bulbs fail. Be sure to check the batteries in your flashlight before each outing as dead ones will do you no good. You can use a headlight in place of a flashlight if you prefer.

Rope:
A length of light rope or cording can be used to make a shelter. You’ll won’t need a great deal, perhaps ten or twenty feet. Wrap it up tight and it will easily fit in any pack.

Tarp:
A small light tarp, say 8×10″ or so, can be rutas de senderismo used to make a rudimentary shelter to keep out the wind and rain. You don’t need a heavy duty one, just one that’s good enough to see you through a couple nights at most. Fold up tightly or jam it into a stuff sack, these take up very little space and weigh next to nothing.

Multi-tool or Swiss Army Knife:
One of the more useful additions to a safety kit, a mufti-tool or Swiss Army Knife can serve you in so many ways. It’s a knife, a tool to repair things, a weapon (heaven forbid) and countless others – it’s endless what you can do. While most of the things discussed in this report can be purchased cheaply we recommend you get a good tool as you will need to rely on it in difficult situations and here a cheap one will let you down.

Shoe laces:
A couple long laces can be useful in so many ways. You can use them to to repair torn clothes or a pack or they can function as a tourniquet if one is injured.